India signed the Paris Agreement on climate change on April 22, 2016, at the United Nations headquarters in New York City. The Paris Agreement is a landmark global treaty that aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels with efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
India`s signing of the agreement was a significant step towards reducing its greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change. India is the world`s third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, after China and the United States. India`s signing of the Paris Agreement signaled its commitment to reducing its carbon footprint and transitioning to a more sustainable, low-carbon future.
The Paris Agreement was adopted on December 12, 2015, at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris. The agreement was signed by 196 countries, including India. The signing of the agreement was a historic achievement, marking the first time that almost all the world`s nations had agreed to take action on climate change.
The Paris Agreement sets out a global goal to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To achieve this, countries are required to submit nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that outline their plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
India`s NDC, submitted in 2015, includes a commitment to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35% below 2005 levels by 2030, to achieve about 40% cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030, and to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5-3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
India`s signing of the Paris Agreement was widely hailed by the international community as a positive step towards addressing the global challenge of climate change. With its large population, rapidly growing economy, and significant greenhouse gas emissions, India`s participation in the Paris Agreement is crucial for the success of the treaty.
In conclusion, India`s signing of the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2016 was a historic moment in the fight against global warming. The agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and India`s commitment to this goal is crucial for the success of the treaty. As a responsible global citizen, India is taking steps to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions and transition to a more sustainable, low-carbon future.